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Упр. 357. Выберите из скобок требующуюся форму причастия.

1 . a) The girl (writing, written) on the blackboard

is our best pupil. b) Everything (writing, written) here is quite right.


2. a) The house (surrounding, surrounded) by tall

trees is very beautiful.

b) The wall (surrounding, surrounded) the house was very high.

3. a) Who is that boy (doing, done) his homework

at that table?

b) The exercises (doing, done) by the pupils were easy.

4. a) The girl (washing, washed) the floor is my


b) The floor (washing, washed) by Helen looked very clean.

5. a) We listened to the girls (singing, sung) Rus­sian folk songs.

b) We listened to the Russian folk songs (sing­ing, sung) by the girls.

6. Do you know the girl (playing, played) in the garden?

7. The book (writing, written) by this scientist is very interesting.

8. Translate the words (writing, written) on the blackboard.

9. We could not see the sun (covering, covered) by dark clouds.

10. The (losing, lost) book was found at last.

11 (Going, gone) along the street, I met Mary and Ann.

12. Read the (translating, translated) sentences once more.

13. Name some places (visiting, visited) by you last

year. 14.1 picked up the pencil (lying, lain) on the floor.

15. She was reading the book (buying, bought) the day before.

16. Yesterday we were at a conference (organiz­ing, organized) by the pupils of the 10th form.

17. (Taking, taken) the girl by the hand, she led her across the street.

18. It was not easy to find the (losing, lost) stamp.

19.1 shall show you a picture (painting, painted)

by Hogarth. '

20. Here is the letter (receiving, received) by me yesterday.

21. Look at the beautiful flowers (gathering, gath­ered) by the children.

22. His hat (blowing, blown) off by the wind was lying m the middle of the street.

23. ^How do you like the film?" he asked, (turn­ing, turned) towards me.

24. When we came nearer, we saw two boys (com­ing, come) towards us.

25.1 think that the boy (standing, stood) there is his brother.

Сравните употребление Present Participle и Perfect Participle

buying - покупая having bought


Упр. 358. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в Present Participle или Perfect Participle.

1. (to do) his homework, he was thinking hard. 2. (to do) his homework, he went for a walk. 3 (to sell) fruit, he looked back from time to time, hop­ing to see his friends. 4. (to sell) all the fruit, he went to see. his friends. 5. (to eat) all the potatoes, she drank a cup of tea. 6. (to drink) tea, she scalded her lips. 7. (to run) in the yard, I fell and hurt my Knee. 8. (to look) through some magazines, I came across an interesting article about UFOs. 9. (to write) out and (to learn) all the new words, he was able to translate the text easily. 10. (to live) in the south of our country, he cannot enjoy the beauty of St. Petersburg's White Nights in summer. 11. (to talk) to her neighbour in the street, she did not notice how a thief stole her money. 12. (to read) the story, she closed the book and put it on the shelf. 13. (to buy) some juice and cakes, we went home. 14. (to sit) near the fire, he felt very warm.

• 1 Формы причастия    
    Active   Passive    
Present   writing   being written    
Perfect   having written   having been written    
Past   —   written    
Как переводить разные формы причастия на русский язык |  
Формы причастия   Как их переводить  
причастием   деепричастием  
reading   читающий   читая i  
having read   —   прочитав  
being read   читаемый (т. е. который читают)   будучи читаемым (т. е. когда его читали), будучи прочитан­ным (т. е. когда его прочитали)  
having been read   ~^~   будучи прочитан­ным (т. е. когда его прочитали)  
read   прочитанный   —  
Как переводить разные формы причастия на русский язык    
Формы причастия   Как их переводить    
причастием   деепричастием    
building   строящий   строя    
having built   —   построив    
being built   строящийся (т. е. который строят)   будучи строящимся (т. е. когда его строили) будучи построенным (т. е. когда его построили)    
having been built   —   будучи построенным (т. е. когда его построили)    
built   построенный   —    

Упр. 359. Переведите на русский язык, обра­щая внимание на причастия.

1. The boy lay sleeping when the doctor came. 2. The broken arm was examined by the doctor. 3. While being examined, the boy could not help cry­ing. 4. Having prescribed the medicine, the doctor went away. 5. The medicine prescribed by the doctor was bitter. 6. The dress bought at the department store was very beautiful. 7. While using a needle you should be careful not to prick your finger. 8. While crossing the street one should first look to the left and then to the right. 9. People watching a perform­ance are called an audience. 10. Being very ill, she could not go to school. 11. The first rays of the rising sun lit up the top of the hill. 12. The tree struck by lightning was all black and leafless. 13. Being busy, he postponed his trip. 14. The door bolted on the in side could not be opened, 15. Having been shown the wrong direction, the travellers soon lost their way, 16. The room facing the garden is much more com­fortable than this one. 17. Having descended the moun­tain they heard a man calling for help. 18. Flushed and excited, the boy came running to his mother. 19. He stood watching the people who were coming down the street shouting and waving their hands.

Обратите внимание на способы перевода на английский язык русских причастий и деепричастий  
Причастие j -j   действи­тельный залог   несовершенный вид   бросающий, бросавший   throwing нельзя1  
совершенный вид   бросивший   нельзя1    
страда­тельный залог   несовершенный виц   бросаемый   being thrown  
совершенный вид   брошенный   thrown ___ ____ ,  
| Деепричастие I   действи­тельный залог   несовершенный вид   бросая   throwing  
совершенный вид   бросив   having thrown  
страда­тельный залог   несовершенный вид   будучи бросаемым   being thrown  
совершенный вид   будучи брошенным   being thrown having being thrown  

1 Действительное причастие совершенного вида (а также не совершенного вида прошедшего времени) может быть переведено на английский язык только придаточным определительным предложением (who threw, who has thrown, who had thrown)

Упр. 360. Переведите следующие русские при­частия и деепричастия на английский язык.

Приносящий, принесенный, принося, принеся, переводящий, переведенный, переводя, переведя, давая, написав, читающий, берущий, данный, про­читав, сделанный, пьющий, сказанный, будучи по­терянным, нарисовав, написавший, делая, взятый, взяв, рисуя, выпитый, сделав, идя, пишущий, про­читанный, дав, рисующий, делающий, нарисован­ный, выпив, говорящий, беря, написанный, читая, идущий, дающий, сказав, сидевший, посмотрев, будучи забыт, строящий, строящийся, играя, по­играв, рассказанный, рассказавший, видя, принес­ший, будучи принесенным, построенный, продав.

Упр. 361. В следующих предложениях упот­ребите, где возможно, причастия вместо глаго­лов в личной форме. Изменяйте конструкцию предложения, где необходимо.

1. As the book was translated into Russian, it could be read by everybody. 2. As we were given dictionaries, we managed to translate the article easily. 3. As soon as I have done my homework, I shall go for a walk. 4. As soon as I have bought the book, I shall begin reading it. 5. When he was running across the yard, he fell. 6. When I was going home yesterday, I kept thinking about my j friend. 7. He put on his coat, went out and looked at the cars which were passing by. 8. She closed the book, put it aside and looked at the children who were running about in the yard.

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