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Ex.4. Write the plural form of the following:

a) regular nouns: story- _______, play- _______, glass- _______, flag- _______, photo- _______, match- _______, knife- _______, radio- _______, roof- _______, key- _______, factory- _______, wolf- _______, piano- _______, class-_______, bath- _______, chief-________

b) irregular nouns: child- _______, man-_______, goose- _______, woman-_______, ox- _______, tooth- _______, deer- _______, mouse- _______, sheep- _______

c) nouns of Greek or Latin origin: criterion- _______, medium- _______, datum- _______, formula- _______, basis- ______, radius- _______, analysis- _______, index- _______, crisis- ______, symposium- _______, stimulus- _______, phenomenon- _______, oasis- _______, nucleus- _______, memorandum- ________, hypothesis- _______, thesis- ________


d) compound nouns: forget-me-not- _______, fellow-worker- _______, commander-in-chief- ________, lily-of -the-valley- ________, merry-go-round- _______, ticket-holder- ______, governor-general- ______, man-of-war- _______, sister-in-law- _______, passer-by- _______, room-mate- ______, boy-friend-_______, post-man-_______, man-servant- _______


Ex.5. a) Divide the following words into two columns: countable and uncountable nouns (you must get 25 uncountable nouns):

furniture, coffee, leaf, food, computer, list, blood, job, work, language, advice, country, information, money, progress, permit, permission, baggage, luggage, beach, traffic, weather, window, knowledge, air, water, holiday, damage, accommodation, scenery, scene, pigeon, bread, mountain, luck, news, accident, laugh, flour, laughter

Countable nouns: ___________________________________________________



Uncountable nouns: __________________________________________________



b) Underline the nouns which are used only in the plural form (you must get 25 nouns):

athletics, cattle, scissors, taxes, pyjamas, economics, police, news, means, goods, pants, subjects, billiards, darts, outskirts, premises, mechanics, spectacles, clothes, stairs, maths, shorts, tights, gymnastics, congratulations, crossroads, patience, scales, lodgings, foundations, equipment, research, authorities, soap, contents, looks, countryside, traffic-lights, tongs, toothpaste, headphones, delays, binoculars, electronics, eyes, trousers


Ex.6. a) Replace the of-phrase by the possessive and complete the table:

regular nouns compound nouns proper names time/distance
1) the director’s assistant   1) the Commander -in-Chief’s order 1) Sir Charles’s nephew 1) a ten minutes’ interval


the assistant of the director, the nephew of Sir Charles, the order of the Commander-in-Chief, the old coat of my father, the birthday of my boy-friend, the duties of men-servants, the last letter of my mother-in-law, the recent statement of President Bush, the last novel of Hemingway, the early poems of Robert Burns, one of the greatest tragedies of Shakespeare, the latest record of the champion, games of children, clothes of men,

an interval of ten minutes, a distance of five miles, the crew of the ship, the population of England, the mother of Mary and John, the rooms of the daughter and the son, the new house of the Parkers.


b) Paraphrase the following using the possessive case:

Example: I must sleep 9 hours a day to feel well. – I must have nine-hours’ sleep to feel well.

1. Every day at noon we have a break, which lasts fifteen minutes. ___________________________________________________________________________

2. I can’t understand why he is so tired. The distance he covered is a mile only. ___________________________________________________________________________

3. The walk to the station was short. It took us ten minutes. ___________________________________________________________________________

4. Last year we spent two weeks in Greece. The holiday was terrible. ___________________________________________________________________________

5. If you want to get there, a trip will take you only five hours. ___________________________________________________________________________

6. Don’t take a training course that lasts a week. It won’t do you good. ___________________________________________________________________________

7. I slept only five hours yesterday because my train came late. ___________________________________________________________________________

8. Yesterday our lesson lasted thirty minutes as our teacher was to leave at 12.


9. If you want to have a voyage round Europe, you’ll need at least three weeks. ___________________________________________________________________________

10. My workweek lasts five days.____________________________________________

c) Translate into English using noun structures:

1. Президент прибыл в страну с трехдневным визитом.______________________________

2. Никто не знал, что сказать, и наступило минутное молчание._______________________

3. Доклад главнокомандующего был кратким. _____________________________________

4. Приезд Поля и Кет был неожиданностью для всех нас.____________________________

5. Мне кажется, что проблема «отцов и детей» – вечная проблема. ____________________

6. Самые богатые залежи нефти находятся в Арабских Эмиратах. _____________________

7. Портрет жены Рембрандта – одна из самых известных картин художника.


Ex.7. a) First underline the two-word verbs in sentences 1-5, then complete sentences 6-10 with appropriate compound nouns related to these two-word verbs:

1. Denis tried to cover up the fact that he had gambled and lost most of his money.

2. It is reported that cholera has broken out in the refugee camp.

3. I’m flying to Sydney, but I’m stopping over in Paris for a few days on the way.

4. Each Friday a few of us get together and play ten-pin bowling.

5. We set out from the camp early, hoping to reach the summit by midday.

6. The Minister was taken ill in Iceland during a short _______ on his way to Canada.

7. We didn’t have a big party for Jane’s 50th birthday, just a family _______.

8. Allegations of a _______ of a major leak of radioactive waste from the nuclear power plant have been strongly denied by the Energy Ministry.

9. Only two years ago there was a serious _______ of malaria in the town.

10. Even at the _______ of the expedition, they knew they had little chance of crossing the desert.

b) Complete the phrases in (i)with a word from (ii) and then use them in the sentences below. To help you, the meaning of the phrase is given in brackets:

(i) day-to-; man/woman-in-the-; middle-of-the-; down-to-; once-in-a-; round-the-; larger-than-; step-by-


(ii) clock life step day lifetime street earth road


1. Although the Managing Director of Transcom was involved in major decisions, she left the day-to-day running of the company to her start. (routine)

2. The party will never regain power unless it can persuade _______ voters that it has rid itself of corruption. (not politically extreme)

3. Since the attempt to assassinate him last year, the Defence Minister has been given _______ protection by the police. (all day and all night)

4. The bookcase came with simple, _______ instructions on how to assemble it. (progressing from one stage to the next)

5. When the comet passes close to Earth next week, scientists will have a _______ opportunity to study its effects on our atmosphere. (very rare)

6. Terry has a refreshing, ______ approach to management. He’s much less concerned with theory than with getting things done in the most efficient way possible. (practical)

7. The _______ isn’t interested in the finer points of the government’s tax policy. They just want to know if they are going to take home more or less pay. (ordinary person)

8. Her father was a ________ character who was well known throughout the village for his eccentric way of dressing and outspoken views. (more exaggerated than usual)


Ex.1. You are going to hear Alan and Sara talking about advertising a spare bedroom to rent. a) Listen and answer questions below:

1. Which three pieces of furniture are in the room?

a) a bed c) a desk f) a mirror
b) a bedside table d) a lamp g) a wardrobe



2. What does the desk look like?

A. B. C.


b) Listen again and fill in the gaps in the advertisement. Write no more than one word or a number for each answer:

Accommodation for rent Small, furnished 1_______ available. Sunny with a nice view of the 2_______. Good location close to two types of 3_______. Rent 4 £_______ per 5_______. Rent includes 6_______ and all other bills.

c) Listen again and fill in the table below:

Countable nouns Uncountable nouns

Ex.2.Complete this business lunch conversation between friends usinga bit of,a piece ofor an appropriate container or measure:

Arianna: Would you like to share 1)_______mineral water?

Brona: Yes, OK. Can I get 2)________orange juice, too?

Arianna: Sure. Now, I'd like to ask you for 3)_______advice, actually. I've had 4)_______luck on the stock market and I've made 5)_______cash, and I want to start my own company.

Brona: And you need 6)_______help from me?

Arianna: Yeah. I've developed 7)_______software that searches the web. I'd like you to help me do 8)_______advertising. We could both make 9)_______money on it and have 10)_______fun, too.



Ex.8. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate article where necessary:

a) geographical names:

1. ___ Alaska is the biggest and coldest state in ___ USA. 2. Where are ___ Canaries situated? 3. What oceans does ___ Panama Canal connect? I suppose ___ Atlantic and ___ Pacific Oceans. 4. I went to ___ German Republic last summer, but I haven’t been to ___ Netherlands yet. Of course, I would like to see ___ Hague. 5. ___ America consists of two parts, ___ South and ___ North America, doesn’t it? 6. ___ Republic of ___ China is the third largest country in ___ world after ___ Russia and ___ Canada. 7. ___ Himalayas are the highest mountains in ___ Asia. 8. ___ Great American Lakes are ___ Lake Huron, ___ Lake Superior, ___ Lake Ontario, ___ Lake Michigan and ___ Lake Erie.

b) abstract nouns and names of materials:

1. ___ life is impossible without ___ water and ___ air. 2. You can’t swim in the river. ___ water isn’t warm enough. 3. He has deep knowledge in mathematics. 4. The Moslems don’t eat ___ pork. 5. That is ___ coffee I am fond of. 6. He wanted to give his son ___ good education. 7. He can give you ___ good piece of ___ advice. He is fond of giving ___ advice. – But ___ advice he gave us did not help. 8. The patient was making ___ noticeable progress. 9. You can be satisfied with ___ progress you have made. 10. The plane ran into ___ heavy weather.

c) school, college, etc.:

1. He had a headache and didn’t go to ___ work yesterday. 2. Could you give me a lift to college? 3. I like to stay at ___ home on cold evenings. 4. The queen is going to open ___ new hospital in the capital next week. 5. What a strange building? – It’s ___ prison. 6. Let’s meet at ___ church. It’s on the left of ___ university. 7. On Sunday I went to ___ church to pray. 8. It’s time to go to ___ bed. 9. Don’t sit on ___ bed. 10. Mr. Brick graduated from ___ Cambridge University.


d) proper names:

1. ___ Mall is a wide avenue leading from ___ Trafalgar Square to ___ Buckingham Palace, the residence of the English kings. 2. The center of ___ City is represented by three buildings: ___ Mansion House, ___ Royal Exchange and ___ Bank of ___ England. 3. The English parks – ___ Hyde Park, ___ Kensington Gardens and ___ Kew Gardens. 4. Across the road from ___ Westminster Abbey is ___ Westminster Palace, the seat of ___ British Parliament. 5. My train leaves from ___ Waterloo Station at 2.10 a.m. 6. If you like art galleries you should go to ___ National Gallery and ___Tate. 7. I live in ___ High Street. 8. On ___ Wednesday ___ Financial Times published an article about the situation in ___ North Korea. 9. Are you going to stay at ___ St. Marcus Hotel? – No, at ___ Plaza Hotel. 10. Julius Caesar founded ___ Tower of London.


e) nouns denoting parts of the day and names of seasons:

1. It was ___evening. 2. It was ___ warm summer evening. 3. ___ evening was very pleasant. 4. Let’s meet in ___ the evening, I’ll be very busy in ___ afternoon. 5. Nature is so beautiful in ___ spring. 6. She still remembers ___ autumn when he first told her of his love. 7. It was ___ late spring. 8. The Russians like ___ hard winter with plenty of ___ snow and ___ frost.


Ex.9. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate article where necessary:

1. He lives in ___ south of ___ Australia. 2. In his novels Jack London, ___ famous American writer, described ___ life of ___ poor. 3. Oh, you are telling ___ lie! 4. Did you have ___ lovely time in ___ Hague? 5. It was ___ early evening but I was feeling sleepy and decided to have ___ nap. 6. They’ll return in ___ quarter of ___ hour. 7. He wasn’t used to drive on ___ left. 8. ___ Christmas Eve is on ___ 24th of December. 9. I’d like to have ___ sandwich with ___ sausage for ___ breakfast. 10. He knows ___ history of ___ French revolution. 11. To tell ___ truth, I didn’t expect to find ___ homeless man here. 12. ___ earth goes round ___ sun. 13. ___ Queen Elizabeth ___ II won’t speak on ___ radio tomorrow. 14. ___ English Channel is between ___ Great Britain and ___ France. 15. ___ Trafalgar Square is ___ geographical centre of ___ London. 16. Have you ever been to ___ Museum of ___ Fine Arts? 17. Show me ___ Bermudas on the map. 18. One of my classmates entered ___ Moscow State University. As for me, I chose ___ Higher School of ___ Economics. 19. Why don’t you eat with ___ knife and ___ fork? 20. They’ve been waiting to hear from him all ___ month. 21. He was elected ___ president in 1996. 22. Mr. Smith, ___ engineer of Black & Co., returned from his trip to Malta. 23. He sat to his letter to ___ Sun. 24. Mary was talking to ___ Dodges. 25. He looked at me from ___ head to ___ foot. 26. He fell in love with her at ___ first sight. 27. Don’t take my words close to ___ heart. 28. ___ Moscow of ___ 1950’s is not ___ Moscow of 1990’s. 29. I fought for ___ freedom, for the brotherhood of ___ man. 30. He is ___ very sociable man.


Ex.10. Insert articles where required:

Commerce and Industry

Not being – great agricultural country, England has to obtain her food supplies largely from abroad. She also has to import many raw materials, such as – wool from Australia; – timber from Sweden and Finland; – cotton, – petroleum and – tobacco from United States, and so on.

One of most extensive industries in England is – textile industry; immense quantities of – cotton and – woolen goods and – artificial silk are produced and exported. – English leather goods are also in – great demand in – other countries.

Great Britain is noted for its coal mines and for – iron and – steel goods, and it supplies many countries with certain classes of – machinery. Another leading industry in this country is – shipbuilding; – motor industry is also very flourishing.


Ex.11. Fill in the spaces with much, many, (a) few, (a) little, a lot of, plenty of, a great number of, a great amount of, a great deal of, how much, how many (you may get several variants):

1. The living conditions in the district were very poor and there were only _______ doctors available. 2. He is a very intelligent man. Do you know that he speaks _______ foreign languages? 3. The situation was becoming worse and worse. _______ projects had to be postponed. 4. The show was poor. There was _______ applause. 5. There were _______ people at the meeting, but most of them left early so there aren’t ______ left now. 6. Have you finished that glass of milk? There is _______ milk in the fridge if you’d like more. 7. Tell me please _______ time it will take me to get there. 8. Did the storm make _______ damage to the crops? 9. Is there _______ coal left in the region? 10. He doesn’t pay _______ attention to pronunciation. It’s difficult to understand him. 11. Is there _______ work for you to do every day? 12. There is _______ whisky left. Help yourself. 13. Do you know _______ people live in Moscow?

Ex.12. Choose the right variant:

1. Oh, there are four of them! I can give them (so/only) a few sandwiches. 2. I’ve met (quite/too) a few decent people in my life. 3. (Too/Only) many cooks spoil the broth. 4. Unfortunately, we make (very/only) many mistakes in our life. 5. (Quite/ Very) few words were said to understand the problem. 6. There were (only/so) many policemen in the streets during national holidays. 7. There are (very/only) many tales about Loch Ness monster. 8. There were (too/quite) a few people in the shop. 9. We’ve got (too/ only) a few minutes to say good-bye. 10. There were (quite/only) many delicious dishes on the table in front of him.


Ex.13. Complete the sentences with a word or phrase from (i) followed by a word or phrase from (ii). Use each word or phrase once only:

(i) no no-one never none nothing not none of nowhere
(ii) a drop heard point else the hotels wrong going to get in the cupboard


1. Where are the bisques? There’s none in the cupboard. 2. We left the house as quietly as possible and _______ us. 3. _______ was spilt as she poured the liquid into the flask. 4. Jack was determined to leave and I knew that there was _______ in protesting. 5. The door was locked and he had _______ to go. 6. I found that _______ in the city centre had any room left. 7. Tom’s so lazy. Is he _______ a job? 8. The doctors reassured Emily that they could find _______ with her.


Ex.14. Find any mistakes in the text and suggest corrections:

(1) Each so often I like to invite (2) my entire family – my parents, six brothers and their families – over for dinner on Saturday evening. My parents are quite old now, so I like to see them (3) each few weeks. It’s quite a lot of work and I usually spend (4) all Friday shopping and cooking. Some of my family are fussy about what they eat, so I generally have to cook different things for (5) every of them. Fortunately, (6) all the food doesn’t usually get eaten, so I have plenty left for the rest of the week. (7) None of my brothers always come, but the ones who live locally usually do. This time (8) Neil and his family all were on holiday so they couldn’t make it. (9) We had all a great time and we spent (10) the whole evening talking about when we were children.


Ex.15. Complete the sentences with some, someone, something, any, anyone or anything. Where bothsome (one/thing)orany (one/thing)are possible, write them both and consider any difference in meaning:

1. John worked hard at learning Japanese but failed to make _______ real progress.

2. I was unable to eat _______ of the food. 3. I always offer to help organize school concerts, but there is seldom _______ for me to do. 4. Janet Jones is _______ I rarely see these days. 5. He denied that he had done _______wrong. 6. I always get to work before _______ else. 7. The theatre is unlikely to have _______ tickets left for tonight’s performance. 8. _______ parents never seem to have time to sit down and talk to their children. 9. When I last lent my laptop to a friend it came back damaged, so I’m reluctant to lend it to _______ else. 10. She valued friendship more than _______ in the world.


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