V. Choose the correct answer.
1. This year our team are the _________ favourites to win the cup.
a)firm b)full c)grand d)hard
2. The team`s coach insisted on a programme of ________ training before the big match.
a)harsh b)rigorous c)severe d)searching
3. The team has practised hard so that it could __________ the trophy.
a)regain b)replace c)restore d)return
4. The team`s recent wins have __________ them for the semi-finals.
a)fitted b)matched c)promoted d)qualified
5. John is always ________ about how well he plays football.
a)boasting b)flaunting c)parading d)puffing
6. His poor standard of play fully justifies his _________ from the team for the next match.
a)ban b)exception c)exclusion d)rejection
7. The footballer was _______ the field for kicking the referee.
a)brought off b)put off c)sent off d)taken off
8. The footballer scored four ________ , so his team won the match.
a)aims b)games c)goals d)scores
9. The fan shouted at the ________ of his voice.
a)head b)height c)limit d)top
10. The ________ at the football match became violent when their team lost.
a)customers b)groups c)observers d)spectators
VII. Complete the sentences with the suitable words or expressions.
1. What Europeans call `football`, Americans call ____________ .
2. The instructor of the team is the _____________ .
3. When you play in a football team you are a _________________ .
4. The games take place on a ____________ .
5. The leader of the team is the ____________ .
6. The man in the _________ is the goal-keeper.
7. The beginning of the match is the ______________ .
8. During the match each team tries to ____________ as many goals as possible.
9. When the teams have scored the same number of goals we say it`s a ____________ .
10. The players of the other team are the _____________ .
11. The man who enforces the rules during the game is the ___________ .
12. Playing correctly is called _________ play.
13. Unfair moves are called _____________ .
14. When a player breaks the rules the other team may get a ____________ .
15. A federation of football clubs is called a football _____________ .
VIII. Choose the correct answer.
1. I met Pete _________ his bicycle along the pavement.
a)pulling b)rolling c)turning d)wheeling
2. He was _________ from the competition because he had not complied with the rules.
a)banished b)disqualified c)forbidden d)outlawed
3. Some of the best golf ________ are to be found in England.
a)courses b)courts c)pitches d)tracks
4. Sport is a good _______ for aggression.
a)let off b)offshoot c)outlet d)way out
5. She had to _________ herself to make sure she wasn`t dreaming.
a)grasp b)pinch c)scratch d)seize
6. This is the running _________ where the first 4 minute mile was run.
a)circle b)course c)ring d)track
7. Have you been able to book us a tennis ________ for tomorrow?
a)court b)field c)ground d)pitch
8. The boxer ________ and almost fell when his opponent hit him.
a)scrambled b)shattered c)staggered d)stammered
9. He has always been ________ supporter of his local rugby team.
a)a forcible b)an unbeaten c)a staunch d)a sure
10. They stood glowering at each other, their fists ________ ready for action.
a)clasped b)clenched c)grasped d)joined
11. It seems that the world record for this event is almost impossible to _________. a)balance b)beat c)compare d)meet
12. The boxer ________ his opponent as hard as he could.
a)knocked b)punched c)slapped d)touched
13. Our team faced fierce _________ in the relay races.
a)attack b)competition c)contest d)opponents
14. She is a good runner but she`s not much good at _________ .
a)barriers b)fences c)hurdles d)jumps
15. He ran four ________ of the course in half an hour.
a)hurdles b)laps c)sprints d)vaults
IX. Discussion point.
StepA. Guess what sports the people are talking about.
1. `The ball has a natural curve on it so it doesn`t go in a straight line on the grass`.
2. `Provided it`s not too windy at the top, there`s no problem`.
3. `It is incredibly noisy, fast and dangerous, but it`s really exciting to watch`.
4. `You get sore at first and can hardly sit down, but you get used to it after a while`.
5. `It`s all a matter of balance really`.
6. `You need a good eye and a lot of concentration`.
Step B. Guess what we call a person who …
a) does a long-jump
b) rides horses in races
c) drives cars in races
d) throws the discus/javelin
e) does gymnastics
f) plays hockey
g) plays football
h) does the pole-vault
IX. Read the text and answer the questions after it.
THE OLYMPIC GAMES
The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began in 777 BC in Greece and took place every four years for nearly twelve centuries at Olympia. They included many different kinds of sports, running, boxing, wrestling, etc. All the cities in Greece sent their best athletes to Olympia to compete in the Games. For the period of the Games all the wars stopped. So the Olympic Games became the symbol of peace and friendship. In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not renewed until many centuries later.
In 1894, a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all the sports governing bodies and pointed out the significance of sports and its educational value. Two years later the first modern Olympic Games took place. Of course, the competitions were held in Greece to symbolize the continuation of the centuries-old tradition.
In 1896 the International Olympic Committee was set up. It is the central policy-making body of the Olympic movement. It is formed by the representatives of all countries which take part in the Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee decides upon the programme of the games, the number of the participants and the city-host for the Games. Over one hundred and fifty countries are represented in the International Olympic Committee now. Besides, each country has its National Olympic Committee. Summer and Winter Games are held separately. There are always several cities wishing to host the Games. The most suitable is selected by the International Committee. After that the city of the Games starts preparations for the competitions, constructs new sports facilities, stadiums, hotels, press centres. Thousands of athletes, journalists and guests come to the Games, and it takes great efforts to arrange everything. There is always an interesting cultural programme of concerts, exhibitions, festivals, etc., for each Games.
1. When and where did the Olympic Games begin?
2. Why did the Olympic Games become the symbol of peace and friendship?
3. When did the Games in Greece stop?
4. Who renewed the Olympic movement?
5. When and where did the first modern Games take place?
6. When was the International Olympic Committee set up? What is its function?
7. How does the city-host prepare for the Olympic Games?
8. When and where were the latest Olympic Games held?
X. Discussion point.
First read the following information:
The Olympics are having many problems. In Munich (1972), terrorists killed Israeli athletes. In Moscow (1980), the United States refused to participate. In Los Angeles (1984), the USSR and other Eastern European countries refused to participate. In Seoul (1988), Cuba and other countries refused to participate. In addition to political problems, the Olympics are having problems with professionalism, drug use, and too many sports.
Step A. Work in groups. You are members of the International Olympic Committee. Your job is to redesign the Olympic Games.
1. Instead of moving the Games from one city to another, discuss the possibility of having one permanent summer city and one permanent winter city. Work out the criteria for choosing the cities.
2. Every year the Olympics adds new sports. Now there are too many (over 237 events in 23 sports). Discuss the possibility of decreasing the number of sports to only 25 individual events (same for men and women) and three team sports (same for men and women). Work out the list of sports.
Step B. Discuss these questions with your group-mates.
1. Should professional athletes participate in the Olympics? Explain.
2. What do you think is the maximum number of athletes a country should have? (In Seoul , the United States had 625 athletes; Brunei had one.)
3. Is it possible to separate sports from politics? If yes, how? If no, why?
4. Should athletes be permitted to use drugs (such as steroids)? Explain.
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