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The United States of America




1. What are the colors of our flag?(Red, White, and Blue).

2. How many stars are there in our flag?(50).

3. What color are the stars on our flag?(White).

4. What do the stars on the flag mean?(One for each state in the Union).

5. How many stripes are there in the flag?(13).

6. What color are the stripes?(Red and White).

7. What do the stripes on the flag mean?(They represent the original 13 states.)

8. How many states are there in the Union? (50).

9. What is the 4th of July?(Independence Day).

10. What is the date of Independence Day?(July 4th). Independence from whom?(England).

11. Who was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence?(Thomas Jefferson).

12. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?(July 4, 1776).

13. What is the basic belief of the Declaration of Independence?(That all men are created equal).

14. Who was the first President of the United States?(George Washington).

15. Which President is called the "Father of our country"?(George Washington).

16. Who is the President of the United States today?(Barack Obama)

17. Who is the vice-president of the United States today?(Joseph Biden).

18. For how long do American people elect the President?(Four years).

19. What is the legislative branch of an American government?(Congress).

20. How many senators are there in Congress?(100).

21. How many terms can the President serve?(2).

22. What is a minimum voting age in the United States?Eighteen (18).

23. What is the head executive of a state government called?(Governor).

24. What is the head executive of a city government called?(Mayor).

25. What is the national anthem of the United States? (The Star-Spangled Banner).

26. What is the national symbol of America? (The bald eagle).

27. In what year was the Constitution written?(1787).

28. Where does Congress meet?(In the Capitol in Washington, D.C.).

29. Washington, D.C., is a: (district).

30. What is the White House?(The President's official home).

31. Where is the White House located?Washington, D.C. (1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.).

32. What are the 2 major political parties in the U.S. today? (Democratic and Republican).

33. Who was Martin Luther King, Jr.?(A civil rights leader).

34. Who was the civil rights leader who fought through nonviolent action? (Martin Luther King).

35. Who was the President during the Civil War?(Abraham Lincoln).

36. Who discovered the American continent?(Christopher Columbus).

37. Christopher Columbus landed in America in: (1492).

38. Which President freed the slaves?(Abraham Lincoln).

39. What is the nickname of New York?(Big Apple).

40. Where is the Statue of Liberty?( In New York).

41. The statue of Liberty was a gift from…(France).

42. What is the name of the island in New York where the Statue of Liberty stands?( Manhattan Island or Liberty Island).

43. Manhattan was bought from the Indians for the price of … dollars worth (24 dollars).

44. Who were the first Europeans to settle Manhattan?(The Dutch).

45. The poorest district of New York, where more than one million Negroes lives is…. (Harlem).

46. What is the first largest city in the United States? (New York City (officially The City of New York).

47. What is the second largest city in the United States? (Chicago).

48. What oceans is the USA washed by?(The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans).

49. What is the longest river of the USA?(The Mississippi River).

50. What is the common name of the lakes Ontario, Superior, Erie, Huron, and Michigan?(The Great Lakes).

51. Where is the highest peak in the USA?(in the Cordillera).

52. What is the main river which flows into the Gulf of Mexico?(The Mississippi).

53. Which Lake doesn’t belong to the five Great Lakes?(The Great Salt Lake).

54. What river connects the Five Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean?(The Saint Lawrence River).

55. Where is Hollywood, the center of the US film business? Not far from:… (Los Angelis).

56. It is a big port and a shipbuilding centre:….. (San Francisco).

57. Fresh fruit and vegetables come all the year round from the southern regions of….. (Florida).

58. What is the largest state in the USA compared to all other states? (Alaska).

59. The water of the Niagara River is falling from a hill… metres high (57).

60. The first inhabitants of North America were…. (Indians & Eskimos).

61. Who was the first person to walk on the moon? (It was American astronaut Neil Armstrong (1930-) who, on July 20, 1969, stepped out of the lunar module from Apollo 11 and walked on the moon).

62. What holiday was celebrated for the first time by the Americans colonists?(Thanksgiving).

63. Why did the Pilgrims come to America?(For religious freedom).

64. Who helped the Pilgrims in America? The American-Indians (Native Americans).

65. What is the name of the ship that brought the Pilgrims to America?(The Mayflower).

66. In which month is Thanksgiving Day celebrated?(November).

67. What was the reason for the first Thanksgiving Day?(Thanks God for good harvest).

68. On what day will you see many Jack - 0’ – lanterns? (Halloween).

69. Where was Gold discovered in 1859? (in California).

70. What is the national sport in America? (baseball).

71. The first university in America was: (Harvard).

72. How many basic levels are there in the USA educational system?(three).

73. Who is the inventor of the electric lamps and the gramophone? (Alva Edison).

74. Where is “Disney World”, a large amusement park?(in Florida).

75. “The salaried or professional workers whose jobs generally do not involve manual labour” means…..(“white collars” ).

76. “Yankee” may mean … (an American).

77. Where can you find a collection of paintings by European masters of 14-th – 19-th centuries?(in Frick Collection. The Frick Collection is an art museum located in Manhattan, New York City, United States. It is housed in the former Henry Clay Frick House, which was designed by Thomas Hastings and constructed in 1913-1914).

 

Canada

1. What are the colours of the national Canadian flag?(White, red).

2. What is depicted on the national Canadian flag?(A maple leaf).

3. What are the official languages in Canada? (English, French).

4. Who is Head of State?(Queen of Britain represented by Governor General).

5. Members of which House are not elected in Canada?(the Senate).

6. Canada’s constitutional autonomy from Britain was confirmed in…. (1931).

7. The Queen of England and Canada, Elizabeth II … (rules but does not govern).

8. How often are elections held in Canada?(once in 5 years).

9. The Government is formed by...(the party that wins the largest number of seats).

10. Who chooses the ministers from MP?(the Prime Minister).

11. What is the capital of Canada?(Ottawa).

12. What is Canada’s largest city?(Toronto).

13. What are the largest cities in Canada? (Toronto, Montreal, Quebec City, Vancouver Other major cities in Canada are: Victoria, Abbotsford, Edmonton, Calgary and Winnipeg, Charlottetown, , Halifax).

14. How many oceans wash Canada’s shores?(Three great oceans - the Atlantic, the Pacific and the Arctic, wash Canada`s shores).

15. What river is the longest in Canada? (the Mackenzie).

16. What is the highest mountain in Canada? (Mount Logan).

17. What is the largest national park in Canada and in the world?(Wood Buffalo).

18. What University is a French language one?(Montreal).

19. What do the dates 1897-1899 refer to? (Gold Rush).

20. Canada is a maritime country. What port is the largest in Canada?(Vancouver).

21. What was Stephen Leacock?(a writer).

22. Henry Hudson was…(an explorer).

Australia

1. What is the official name of the country? (The Commonwealth of Australia).

2. What is Australia? (a continent, a country, an island).

3. Australia is not a(n)….. (city).

4. Name the biggest island and the smallest continent in the world?(Australia is the biggest island and smallest continent in the world).

5. What is the capital of Australia?(Canberra).

6. What is the official language in Australia? (English).

7. Which 2 animals can you see on the Australian coat of aims? (Kangaroo and Emu).

8. In what year did Australia become a British colony? (1788).

9. When did Europeans settle in Australia? (1788).

10. When did Australia become a nation within the British Empire under the queen Victoria’s rule? (1901).

11. What is the political system of Australia? (Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers).

12. Who is the Australian head of state? (The British king or queen. The queen is represented by the Governor General, who is appointed by the Australian government. The Governor General appoints members of the Executive Council, his advisory cabinet).

13. What is the main legislative body in the country? What does it consist of? (The main legislative body in the country is Federal Parliament. It consists of the Queen, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The members of the Senate are elected for a six-year term).

14. Who belongs the executive power in Australia? (The executive power belongs to the queen and the government. It is headed by the Prime Minister. The ministers are chosen from members of Parliament and the Executive Council).

15. What is the name of the Prime Minister of Australia? (Julia Gillard).

16. What does the large seven – pointed star represent?(Six States and the Territories(2) ).

17. What represents the historical link with Britain?(Union Jack).

18. Whom was the Australian coat of arms granted by? (King George).

19. Who are the Australian natives? (Aborigines).

20. Who discovered Australia? (Captain Cook).

21. When did captain James Cook discover Australia?(1770).

22. What is the longest river in Australia? (The Darling).

23. Which city is Australia’s oldest and largest? (Sydney).

24. When were Olympic Games held in Sydney? (2000).

25. Which building can you find on many postcards of Sydney? (Sydney Opera House).

26. The architect Joern Utson of Sydney Opera House was… (a Danish).

27. What is the acknowledged Culture Capital of Australia? (Melbourne).

28. Is Australia situated in the southern or northern hemisphere?(Australia is situated in the Southern Hemisphere and that is why it has summer when we have winter).

29. In which season do Australians celebrate Christmas? (in summer).

30. Why is Australia called the Land Down Under? (because the entire country is below the equator. it is referred like that for its position on earth).

31. What is the name of the largest reef in the world, and where is it located? (The world's largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef, located just off the northeastern coast of Australia. Much of the 1200 mile (1900 km) long reef is protected as a marine park).

32. Where is the largest coral reef in the world, called the Great Barrier Reef? (in Queensland).

33. A style of preparing food that is very popular in Australia is... (Barbequed food ).

34. The World's deadliest snake lives in Australia and the name is .... ? (Taipan).

35. What is the name for the large Australian bird that cannot fly? (Emu).

36. What animals eat eucalyptus leaves? (Koala bears, native to Australia, feed exclusively on the leaves of the eucalyptus tree).

37. What animals often attack sheep and are dangerous for people? (Wild dog dingo).

38. What do Australians call themselves?(Aussies).

39. Famous Russians, who lived in Australia? Who are they? (Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay, Anna Pavlova, Fedor Shalapin, Konstantin Balmont).

 

 





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