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IV. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.




SPORTS AND GAMES

1. What sport society do you belong to?

2. The club has different sections.

3. A special council is elected to guide the activities of the club.

4. This stadium has a seating capacity of 1000,000.

5. There has been a record attendance at the stadium this year.

6. Where is the play (sports) ground)?

7. Now the winter sports season is in full swing.

8. The competition will be opened with the long-distance run.

9. Tournament

10. Gymnastic competition

11. International contest

12. Swimming contest

13. The World Students` Games

14. Match

15. Meeting (Am a meet)

16. An `A` league team

17. The all-Ukraine team

18. The national team

19. Contending teams

20. Visiting team

21. Home-team

22. Contestant

23. A tem-mate

24. To qualify for the finals

25. Semi-finals

26. The world high-jump record holder

27. The Russia record holder in …

28. Honourable Master of Sports

29. A medal winner

30. A medalist at the Olympic Games

31. A triple champion

32. The Ukraine, national, world, Olympic champion

33. Individual championship

34. To win the championship

35. To go in for the world championship in …

36. A title-holder

37. A contender to the title

38. To win (carry off, capture) a title

39. To lose a title

40. To defend a title

41. To retain the title

42. To compete for the first place

43. To establish (set) a new world record

44. To beat (cut, break, exceed) a record in…

45. To improve (raise, better) a record in…

46. To lower the record 0.1 of a second

47. To repeat the result

48. Close to the world record

49. An individual (team) victory

50. A third victory running

51. To press for a victory

52. To reap all the victories

53. A victory over…

54. An easy winner

55. To have a win to one`s credit

56. To win by the head

57. To mount the rostrum

58. To be garlanded with a laurel wreath

59. A surprise defeat

60. To defeat a team by 6 points to 4

61. To try to even up

62. To train

63. To be `in form`

64. To be `out of form`

65. A trainer (coach)

66. Who trains him?

67. He trains under…

68. Singlets and shorts (Am jersey and trunks)

69. Sports shoes

70. A keen sportsmen

71. An ardent sports fan

72. A favourite kind of sport

73. Basic sports

74. To go wild over a game

75. To have (take) a keen interest in a team

76. To care for football

77. To go in for swimming

78. To be keen on cricket

79. To take a fancy for (to) archery

80. To be a soccer fan

81. To be good at tennis

82. To chuck up (drop) playing rugby

83. To join (take a hand, take part in, make one of the party)

 

84. What teem do you root for? =What teem do you support?

 

85. football

 

86. basketball

 

87. volleyball

 

88. figure-skating

 

89. wrestling

 

90. weight-lifting

 

91. skiing

 

92.swimming


II. Discussion point.

Step A. Work in pairs and write down:

a) five games where you can hit the ball (with various kinds of equipment)

b) four games where you can pass the ball

c) three games where you can catch the ball

d) two games where you can kick the ball

e) one game where you can head the ball

Step B. Put the words from the table in the correct column: Sport, Place or Equipment. Sometimes you can put a word in more than one column.

swimming gloves crash helmet course football racket track ring boots pool motor racing clubs tennis net court golf pitch track trunks boxing goals costume shorts whistle vest badminton bat squash

Step C. Decide whether the sentences are true or false. If false, write the correct variant.

1. The people who watch a football match are the audience.

2. The official who gives the score in tennis is the umpire.

3. Athletes wear shorts.

4. You need a stick to play hockey.

5. Boxers wear gloves.

6. Tennis is played on a pitch.

7. The referee in football has a whistle.

8. Women wear trunks for swimming.

Step D. Answer the questions.

1. What are the games and sports that you watch but don`t play? Where do you usually watch them?

2. What are the games and sports that you play yourself? Do you regularly go in for sport?

3. Are there any games and sports that you hate? Why?

4. What are the games and sports that the Ukrainians don`t play much?

5. What is the most popular sport in our country?

6. What is the most dangerous sport in your opinion? Why?



7. What game or sport requires the most strength?

8. What sport has the biggest crowds?

 

 

III. Read the text and answer the questions after it.

SPORT AND GAMES

People all over the world are fond of sports and games. That is one of the things in which people of every nationality and class are united. All kinds of physical exercises are very useful to make our bodies strong enough to keep ourselves fit and healthy. The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting, hunting, hockey, in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow – skating, skiing and tobogganing. Some people greatly enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping. It`s so nice to go to the skating-rink or to the forest on a frosty sunny day!

Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding and many other sports. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in public interest; this game is played in all countries of the world. The other games that have firmly established themselves in favour in different countries are golf, lawn-tennis, cricket, volleyball, basketball, and so on. Badminton is also very popular.

All the year round many people indulge in boxing, wrestling, athletics, gymnastics and track and field events. Scores of young girls and women go in for callisthenics. Over the last few years aerobics has become popular with young girls. It helps them to be slim, healthy and strong. The founder of this kind of sport was a well-known American actress Jane Fonda. Being a great enthusiast of aerobics she has been trying to initiate many young women from all over the world into this sport.

Among indoor games the most popular are billiards, table-tennis, draughts and some others, but the great international game is chess, of course. The results of chess tournaments are studied and discussed by thousands of enthusiasts in different countries.

So we may say that sport is one of the things that makes people kin. To cut the long story short, I should admit that everyone must do all he can to be healthy. Physically inactive people get old earlier than those who have plenty of exercises. If you do daily exercises you feel refreshed, have a good posture, and that makes you feel good. I can add that good health is better than the best medicine. You have `A sound mind in a sound body`, as the old Latin saying goes. The English proverb `Sickness in the body brings sickness to the mind` expresses a similar idea, but from a different point of view.

 

1. Why does the author say that sports and games is the thing in which people are united?

2. What winter and summer sports activities are mentioned in the text?

3. What is the most popular game in all countries of the world?

4. Why do many girls and young women go in for callisthenics?

5. What do you think the author means saying that `good health is better than the best medicine`?

IV. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.

1. Стадион вмещает 100 000 человек.

2. Сейчас в полном разгаре зимний сезон.

3. Соревнования будут открыты забегом на длинную дистанцию.

4. Победитель взошел на пьедестал и был увенчан лавровым венком.

5. За какую команду Вы болеете?

6. Футбол занимает лидирующее место среди других видов спорта.

7. Зрители всегда тепло встречают футбольную команду Англии.

8. Их игра носила исключительно оборонительный характер, нападающие играли несогласованно.

9. Ворота команды соперников все время находились под угрозой.

10. Гол, сравнявший счет, был встрече шквалом аплодисментов.

11. С каким счетом выиграла эта команда? – Ты что, шутишь? Они продули всухую!

12. Так как к концу матча счет по-прежнему оставался равным, судье пришлось дать дополнительное время.





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