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Ex.5. Translate the sentences into English using your active grammar.




Dear students, welcome to the course of functional grammar. The aims of the course are to help you improve your knowledge of English grammar and to raise your awareness of how the English language works, to provide practice in advanced points of grammar as well as to ensure that you are communicatively efficient with the grammar you learn. The spectrum of grammar topics will include the Simple Sentence, the Subject, Subject-Predicate Agreement, the Noun, the Article, Verb Complementation, the Adjective, the Adverb, Secondary parts of the sentence, Predicative complexes, Composite Sentence, Oblique Moods, Word Order. As an outcome you will be expected to be able to comment on the use of major grammatical phenomena in English using appropriate examples, to use the familiar grammar structures in communicative sentences, to translate form Russian into English and from English into Russian using various structures and, most importantly, to possess a wide range of strategies for independent study.

This year you are expected to write two Grammar Tests: Test 1 (the phenomena are listed below) is to be done in the first semester, while Test 2 ought to be completed during the other half of the academic year. Good luck!



In the Instructions offered you will find a compilation of preliminary exercises as well as the guidelines as to how this or that task should be fulfilled. The given recommendations are likely to be of considerable use to you. Be sure to follow them step by step, and you will spare yourselves many a problem. The keys provided in the manual will highlight your strong points and help you summarize the information thus obtained.


List of Grammar Topics: (you may find all the details in the Plan for independent work)

-Simple Sentence. Structural and Communicative types.

-Subject, its ways of expressing. “It” and “There” as subjects. Types of “It”.

- Noun. Number. Genitive Case.

- Use of Articles with Countable Nouns, Abstract Uncountable Nouns and Material Names. Use of Articles with Proper Names.

- Verb complementation patterns.

Recommended Grammar Books and manuals:

1. Прокофьева Е.В., Сычевская Н.С. и др. Практическая грамматика современного английского языка = A Book of Modern English Grammar: Учеб. пособие. ― Мн.: МГЛУ, 2004 с. (MSLU Intranet)

2. Дмитриева И.В. Сборник таблиц по практической грамматике английского языка. Мн, 2000. (MSLU Intranet)

3. Прокофьева Е.В. Тестыпо грамматике английского языка = Tests in English Grammar. ― Мн.: МГЛУ, 2004. (MSLU Intranet)

4. Functional Units. Part I. (Петрашкевич Н.П., Французова В.О., Шелег Л.А. Учебное пособие по функциональной грамматике. Часть 1.) Мн. 2010. (MSLU, Lexis)

٭ Первые три учебника можно скачать в Интранете в МГЛУ:

1. http://library.mslu;


3. Полнотекстовый документ;

4. Факультет английского языка;

Функциональная грамматика (заочное отделение)

٭٭ Четвертый учебник необходимо приобрести в магазине «Лексис»


Step 1 -- read the rules on each topic in the above-mentioned grammar book (Практическая грамматика). (Порядок и время прохождения тем указаны в Плане самостоятельной работы по курсу «Функциональная грамматика».)

Step 2 -- get down to Grammar Test №1.

Step 3 -- After you are through with Grammar Test №1 pass on to individual work with tests in the book Tests in English Grammar, or you may come to MSLU and do these tests on the computer to see your progress.

Recommended tests for independent work: PART 1. MORPHOLOGY: Tests №1-5; PART II. Syntax: Tests 1-2.


Do not forget to compare your answers with the key. Success attend you!

Grammar Test №1


Ex. 1. Discriminate between one-member and two-member simple sentences. Say whether two-member sentences are complete or elliptical.

  1. Without turning, Jim gave a light chuckle.
  2. a) The door closed.

b) Steps on the walk.

c) Then car doors opening and closing.

  1. a) "What makes you think so?"

b) - "Facts."

  1. a) The death of a hero!

b) What mockery!

5. Preparation for her first season helped her to forget her misadventure.

Ex. 2. State the type of "it".

  1. It was too difficult to remember those rows of figures.
  2. It looks like rain.
  3. It was Fred who won the race, not Billy.
  4. I did the exercise quite quickly: it was easy.
  5. It is someone else's pen.


Ex.1. Give the plural of the following:

  1. story, journey, echo, thief, proof, calf, soprano, life, fox, bath, tomato, still life, dwarf, bamboo, volcano, toe;
  2. boot, foot, brother, ox, deer, child, Roman, ship, mouse, salmon, Vietnamese, sheep, mouth, goose, Swiss, means;
  3. stand-by, fisherman, mother-in-law, spoonful, woman-doctor, man-eater, passer-by;
  4. Kennedy, Miss Smith, M.P.;
  5. criterion, cactus, formula, encyclopaedia, genius.

Ex. 2. Choose the correct form of the verb. Write the number of the sentence and the verb form required.

  1. I wonder where all their money (come, comes) from.
  2. Mumps (is, are) a common illness among young kids.
  3. Darts (is, are) a popular game in the UK.
  4. Economics (is, are) difficult for people with poor math skills.
  5. News (is, are) broadcast on BBC1 every half an hour.
  6. The jeans (don’t, doesn’t) fit me, I need a bigger size.
  7. The whiskey and soda he ordered (was, were) deliciously cool.
  8. The Philippines (is, are) a state in the Pacific, right?
  9. The company headquarters (is, are) in London.
  10. The staff of the hospital (is, are) very helpful.

Ex. 3. Replace the infinitives in brackets by the correct form of the verb. Use only the Present Indefinite Tense.

  1. Each and every one of you (to be) good.
  2. Either you or John (to have) broken this cup.
  3. It (to be) I who (to be) on duty today.
  4. Three and a half dollars a day (to be) not a lot of money.
  5. A group of men (to be) standing on the sidewalk.
  6. The police, of course, (to be) helpless.
  7. Their party (to be) divided into several groups, each accompanied by two men.
  8. The French (to see) these things differently from us.
  9. Everybody (to know) that the poor (to be) splendid to one another.
  10. The box as well as the books (to be) stolen.

Ex.4. Replace the phrase by the noun in the genitive (possessive) case if possible.

I. 1. The bicycle of my sons. 2. The knitting of her mother-in-law. 3. The leg of a table. 4. The poems of Burns. 5. The museums of Florence.

II. 1. A delay of an hour. 2. A journey of two days. 3. A walk of seven miles.

III. 1. The apartment of Jack and Kate. 2. The wives of Ryleev and Pestel. 3. The works of Rafael and Michelangelo. 4. The transgression of Adam and Eve.

IV. 1. At the door of death. 2. The crew of the ship. 3. At the tips (ends) of her fingers. 4. The politicians of today.

Ex.5. Translate the sentences into English using your active grammar.

1.У нее большой опыт работы педагогом. 2. Незабудки и ландыши – мои любимые цветы. 3.Полиция имеет право проверить документы. 4. Том провел летние каникулы у тети. 5. Это Ван Гог? – Нет, это один из шедевров Гойи. 6. Твою одежду нужно отнести в химчистку, она грязная. 7. Фрукты и овощи – самая здоровая пища. 8. Эти ступеньки чересчур крутые. 9. Твои советы всегда полезны. 10. Давай не будем спорить, хотя бы ради старого знакомства. 11. Он добился большого успеха в изучении физики. 12. Школа находится совсем близко (рукой подать) отсюда. – Это школа для девочек? 13. Гусей, овец и свиней нельзя увидеть в зоопарке. 14. Отец мальчика, которого ты видел вчера, живет возле кирпичного завода. 15. Отсутствие новостей – уже хорошая новость. 16. Джейн ушла в парикмахерскую делать прическу. 17. Памела – одна из близких подруг Анжелы. 18. Не верь Майклу, он волк в овечьей шкуре. 19. Мама подарила Джеку 10 пенсов – 10 блестящих монеток. 20. Марта купила в бакалейной лавке 3 булки хлеба и две пинты подсолнечного масла.


Ex.1. Use the proper articles if necessary. Write down the number of the sentence and the article required.


1. Henry is … vegetarian. I respect … vegetarians.

2. He eats up to ten lemons … day.

3. For … supper he has … huge bowl of beans and … yoghurt.

4. He always goes to … bed early, even at … weekend.

5. He goes to … doctor’s twice … month.

6. He believes that sitting in … sun even for one minute is dangerous.

7. He is afraid he will end up in … hospital.

8. He is … most health-obsessed person I’ve ever met.

9. He wears … gloves to open …doors and to pick up …telephone.

10. His colleagues at..work think that he’s as mad as … hatter.


1. … Equator runs round the middle of …earth.

2. That night there was … amazing sky, full of different colours.

3. When … moon passes between … sun and …earth, it is called an eclipse.

4. There’s nowhere on … earth like Hong Kong.

5. We have no idea how old … universe is.

6. Every solar system has …sun.

7. We had the advantage of …full moon.

8. I wish people were able to fly like birds in …sky.

9. If only we could create … brand new world with no wars, hunger or pain!

10. Last year Poland was visited by … Pope.


1. … Giraffe is … tallest animal on …earth.

2. … Beauty is subjective. Still, …beautiful appeals to everybody.

3. …Telephone has made it possible to communicate with loved ones immediately.


1. We were greeted by quite … different John.

2. He had …humour of …Gashek.

3. He was … Steward to the bone and like all …Stewards he was stubborn.


1. He comes from … Ukraine but has long been living in …United Kingdom.

2. I’ve been climbing in … Alps, but I’ve never managed to get up … Mont Blanc.

3. There’s a breathtaking view of … Lake Geneva from my bedroom window.

4. In …modern France one can come across some customs dating back to …Middle Ages.


1. Many … sailor used to turn …pirate in the 17th century.

2. Elizabeth was …woman enough to see through Mr. Darcy’s arrogance.

3. George W. Bush was elected … President in 2000, wasn’t he?

4. …Famous Al Pacino was once … ticket –seller in … theatre.

Ex.2. Translate the sentences into English:

1. Лондонский Тауэр пользуется большой популярностью у туристов. 2. Собака – лучший друг человека. 3. Мой отец дал мне множество полезных советов. 4. Отель Хилтон расположен на берегу Темзы. 5. Он возомнил себя новым Наполеоном. 6. Верующие ходят в церковь ежедневно. 7. Киви - редкая птица Новой Зеландии, которая спит 20 часов в сутки. 8. В огурце почти нет витаминов. 9. Французский язык – один из самых сложных для изучения, главным образом, из-за произношения. 10. Джина получила в подарок новенький «форд». 11. Я договорился о приеме у дантиста, т.к. мне сильно болит зуб. 12. Майк гордится тем, приобрел полное собрание сочинений Толкиена (Tolkien). 13. Погода в Англии оставляет желать лучшего. 14. Сидни попал в аварию и был доставлен в больницу. 15. Три сэндвича и кофе, пожалуйста. 16.Он заказал обильный ужин и съел его в одиночестве. 17.Римлянам нравилось наблюдать гладиаторские бои. 18. На прошлой неделе я посмотрел спектакль и сходил в кино. Спектакль был отличный, а фильм мне совершенно не понравился. 19. Перепуганная Анна, дочь священника, открыла нам дверь. 20. Отец Стива является директором крупной фирмы.

Verb comlementation

Ex.1 Translate the sentences using Delexical Verbs:

  1. Теперь, я думаю, можно закурить.
  2. Давай прогуляемся, хорошо?
  3. Мы не обратили внимания на эту ошибку.
  4. Позаботься о себе сам, ладно?
  5. Он покинул нашу компанию довольно неожиданно.
  6. Он вздрогнул, когда мы вошли.

Ex.2 Translate the sentences using Link Verbs (be, taste, feel, sound, look, smell):

1. Лимоны кислые на вкус.

2. Мех мягкий на ощупь.

3. Она плохо выглядит.

4. Музыка звучала прекрасно.

5. Ткань была мягкой и шелковистой на ощупь.

6. Эти духи удивительно приятно пахнут.

7. Теперь, когда цветут лотосы, у реки приятно пахнет.

8. Как ты себя чувствуешь?—Очень хорошо, спасибо.

9. Это мясо имеет превосходный вкус.

10. После обработки антистатиком платье теперь мягкое на ощупь.



Ex. 1.

1. two-member complete

2. a) two-member complete

b) one-member

c) one-member

3. a) two-member complete

b) two-member elliptical

4. a) one-member

b) one-member

5. two-member complete

Ex. 2.

  1. introductory

2. impersonal

3. emphatic

4. personal

5. demonstrative


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