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Exercise 6. Complete the sentences with say or tell (in the correct form). Use only one word each time.





1 Ann said goodbye to me and left.

2 …… us about your holiday. Did you have a nice time?

3 Don't just stand there!......something!

4 I wonder where Sue is. She……she would be here at 8 o'clock.

5 Jack……me that he was fed up with his job.

6 The doctor……that I should rest for at least a week.

7 Don't……anybody what I……It's a secret just between us.

8 'Did she……you what happened?' 'No, she didn't……anything to me.'

9 George couldn't help me. He…...me to ask Kate.

10 George couldn't help me. He……to ask Kate.

Exercise 7. The following sentences are direct speech:

1 Don't wait for me if I'm late.

2 Please slow down.

3 Hurry up!

4 Can you open your bag, please?

5 Don’t worry, Sue.

6 Will you marry me?

7 Mind your own business.

8 Could you repeat what you said, please?

9 Do you think you could give me a hand, Tom?

Now choose one of these to complete each sentence below. Use reported speech.

1Bill was taking a long time to get ready, so I told him to hurry up.

2 Sarah was driving too fast, so I asked……

3 Sue was very pessimistic about the situation. I told......

4 I couldn't move the piano alone, so I……

5 The customs officer looked at me suspiciously and……

6 I had difficulty understanding him, so I……

7 I didn't want to delay Ann, so I……

8 John was very much in love with Mary, so he……

9 He started asking me personal questions, so……

 

UNIT 21 PASSIVE VOICE

Exercise 1. Write sentences from the words in brackets (...). Sentences 1-7 are present.

1 (the office / clean / every day) The office is cleaned every day.

2(these rooms / clean / every day?) Are these rooms cleaned every day?

3 ('glass / make / from sand) Glass ……

4 (stamps / sell / in a post office) ……

5 (this room / not / use / very often)……

6 (we / allow / to park here?) ……

7 (how / this word / pronounce?) ……

Sentences 8-15 are past.

 

8(the office / clean / yesterday) The office was cleaned yesterday.

9 (the house / paint / last month) The house ……

10 (three people / injure / in the accident) ……

11 (my bicycle / steal / a few days ago) ……

12 (when / this bridge / build?) ……

13 (you / invite / to the party last week?) ……

14 (how / these windows / break?) ……

15 (I / not / wake up / by the noise) ……

Exercise 2. Correct these sentences.

1 (This house built) 100 years ago. This house was built 100 years ago.

2 Football plays in most countries of the world

3 Why did the letter send to the wrong address?

4 A garage is a place where cars repair

5 Where are you born?

6 How many languages are speaking in Switzerland?

7 Somebody broke into our house but nothing stolen

8 When was invented the bicycle?

 

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences. Use the passive (present or past) of these verbs:

clean damage find give invite make make show steal take

1. The room is cleaned every day.

2. I saw an accident yesterday. Two people were taken to hospital.

3. Paper …… from wood.

4. There was a fire at the hotel last week. Two of the rooms …… .

5. 'Where did you get this picture?' 'It …… to me by a friend of mine.'

6. Many American programmes …… on British television.

7. 'Did Jim and Sue go to the wedding?' 'No. They …… but they didn't go.'

8. 'How old is this film?' 'It …… in 1965.'

9. My car …… last week but the next day it …… by the police.



 

 

Exercise 4. Where were they born?

1. (Ian / Edinburgh) Ian was born in Edinburgh.

2. (Sally / Birmingham) Sally ……

3. (her parents / Ireland) Her ……

4. (you/???) I ……

5. (your mother / ???) …...

Exercise 5. Use the words in brackets (...) to complete the sentences.

 

1 I can't use my office at the moment. It is being painted (paint).

2 We didn't go to the party. We weren't invited (not/invite).

3 The washing machine was broken but it's OK now. It……(repair).

4 The washing machine……(repair) yesterday afternoon.

5 A factory is a place where things……(make).

6 How old are these houses? When……(they/build)? .

7 A: ……(the computer / use) at the moment?

B: Yes, Jim is using it.

8 I've never seen these flowers before. What……(they/call)?

9 Some trees……(blow) down in the storm last night.

10 The bridge is closed at the moment. It…… (damage) last week and it…… (not/repair) yet.

 

Exercise 6. Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the correct form:

cause damage hold include invite make overtake show translate write

1 Many accidents are caused by dangerous driving.

2 Cheese……from milk.

3 The roof of the building……in a storm a few days ago.

4 There's no need to leave a tip. Service……in the bill.

5 You……to the wedding. Why didn't you go?

6 A cinema is a place where films……

7 In the United States, elections for President……every four years.

8 Originally the book……in Spanish and a few years ago it into English.

9 We were driving along quite fast but we……by lots of other cars.

Exercise 7. Write questions using the passive. Some are present and some are past.

1 Ask about the telephone. (when/invent?) When was the telephone invented?

2 Ask about glass. (how/make?) How……

3 Ask about Australia. (when/discover?) ……

4 Ask about silver. (what/use for?) ……

5 Ask about television. (when/invent?) ……

Exercise 8. Put the verb into the correct form, present simple or past simple, active or passive.

1 It's a big factory. Five hundred people are employed (employ) there.

2 Water……(cover) most of the Earth's surface.

3 Most of the Earth's surface……(cover) by water.

4 The park gates……(lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.

5 The letter……(post) a week ago and it……(arrive) yesterday.

6 The boat……(sink) quickly but fortunately everybody

……(rescue).

7 Ron's parents……(die) when he was very young. He and his sister

……(bring) up by their grandparents.

8 I was born in London but I……(grow) up in the north of England.

9 While I was on holiday, my camera……(steal) from my hotel room.

10 While I was on holiday, my camera……(disappear) from my hotel room.

11 Why……(Sue/resign) from her job? Didn't she enjoy it?

12 Why……(Bill/sack) from his job? What did he do wrong?

13 The company is not independent. It……(own) by a much larger company.

14 I saw an accident last night. Somebody……(call) an ambulance but

Nobody……(injure) so the ambulance……(not/need).

15 Where……(these photographs/take)? In London? …… (you/take) them?

Exercise 9. Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody/they/people' etc. write a passive sentence.

1Somebody cleans the room every day. The room is cleaned everyday.

2 They cancelled all flights because of fog. All……

3 People don't use this road very often……

4 Somebody accused me of stealing money. I……

5 How do people learn languages? How……

6 People advised us not to go out alone……

Exercise 10. What do these words mean? Use it can... or it can't... . Use a dictionary if necessary.

If something is

1 washable, it can be washed. 4........................................ unusable,……

2 unbreakable, it…… 5……invisible,……

3 edible, it…… 6……portable,……

 

Exercise 11. Complete these sentences with one of the following verbs (in the correct form):

carry cause do make repair send spend wake up

Sometimes you need have ('might have', 'could have' etc.).

1 The situation is serious. Something must be done before it's too late.

2 I haven't received the letter. It might have been sent to the wrong address.

3 A decision will not……until the next meeting.

4 I told the hotel receptionist that I wanted to……at 6.30 the next morning.

5 Do you think that less money should……on armaments?

6 This road is in very bad condition. It should……a long time ago.

7 The injured man couldn't walk and had to……

8 It's not certain how the fire started but it might……by an

electrical fault.

 





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