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Exercise 12. Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody' or 'they', write a passive sentence.





1 Somebody has cleaned the room. The room has been cleaned.

2 They have postponed the concert. The……

3 Somebody is using the computer at the moment. The computer……

4 I didn't realise that somebody was recording our conversation.

I didn't realise that……

5 When we got to the stadium we found that they had cancelled the game.

When we got to the stadium, we found that……

6 They are building a new ring road round the city.

……

7 They have built a new hospital near the airport.

……

 

Exercise 13. Make sentences from the words in brackets. Sometimes the verb is active, sometimes passive. (This exercise also includes the past simple)

1There's somebody behind us. (I think / we / follow) I think we're being followed.

2This room looks different. (you/ paint?) Have you painted it?

3 My car has disappeared. (it / steal!) It……

4 My umbrella has disappeared. (somebody / take) Somebody……

5 Tom gets a higher salary now. (he/promote) ……

6 Ann can't use her office at the moment, (it / redecorate) ……

7 The photocopier broke down yesterday, but now it's OK. (it / work / again; it / repair)

……

8 The police have found the people they were looking for. (two people / arrest / last night)

……

9 A tree was lying across the road. (it / blow down / in the storm)

……

10 The man next door disappeared six months ago. (nobody / see / since then)

……

11 I was mugged on my way home a few nights ago. (you / ever / mug?)

……

 

Exercise 14. When were they born? Choose five of these people and write a sentence for each. (Two of them were born in the same year.)

Beethoven Galileo Elvis Presley 1452 1869 1929

Agatha Christie Mahatma Gandhi Leonardo da Vinci 1564 1891 1935

Walt Disney Martin Luther King William Shakespeare 1770 1901

1. Walt Disney was born in 1901.

2. ……

3. ……

4. ……

5. ……

6. ……

7. And you? I ……

 

 

Exercise 15. Write these sentences in another way, beginning in the way shown.

1 They didn't give me the money. I wasn't given the money.

2 They asked me some difficult questions at the interview.

I……

3 Janet's colleagues gave her a present when she retired.

Janet……

4 Nobody told me that George was ill.

I wasn't……

5 How much will they pay you?

How much will you……

6 I think they should have offered Tom the job.

I think Tom……

7 Has anybody shown you what to do?

Have you……

 

 

Exercise 16. Complete the sentences using get/got + one of these verbs (in the correct form):ask break damage hurt pay steal sting stop use

1 There was a fight at the party but nobody got hurt.

2 Ted by a bee while he was sitting in the garden.

3 How didthat window……?

4 These tennis courts don't……very often. Not many people want to play.

5 I used to have a bicycle but it……

6 Last night I……by the police as I was driving home.

7 How much did you……last month?

8 Please pack these things very carefully. I don't want them to……

9 People often want to know what my job is. I often……that question.

 

UNIT 22. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

 

ITEM 22.1. CONDITOINAL FIRST.

Exercise 1. Make sentences beginning with if. Choose from the boxes.

 

If+ you don’t hurry you pass the exam you fail the exam you don’t want this magazine you want those pictures you’re busy now you’re hungry you need money   we can have lunch now you can have them I can lend you some you’ll get a certificate you’ll be late I’ll throw it away we can talk later you can do it again  

 



Example: If you don't hurry, you'll be late.

 

Exercise 2. Which is right?

1. If I'm / I'll be late this evening, don't wait for me. «I’m» is right

2. Will you write to me if I give /I'll give you my address?

3. If there is /will be a fire, the alarm will ring.

4. If I don't see you tomorrow morning, I phone / I'll phone you in the evening.

5. I'm / I'll be surprised if Martin and Julia get / will get married.

6 Do you go / Will you go to the party if they invite / they'll invite you?

Exercise 3. Use your own ideas to complete these sentences.

1 I'm going to the concert, if I get a ticket.

2 If you don't hurry you……

3 I don't want to go swimming if……

4 If you go to bed early tonight, ……

5 Turn the television off if……

6 Tina won't pass her exams if ……

7 If I have time tomorrow, ……

8 We can go to the beach tomorrow if……

 

Exercise 4. Put in if or when.

1 If I'm late this evening, don't wait for me.

2 I'm going to do some shopping now. …… I come back, we can have lunch.

3 I'm thinking of going to see Tim. …… I go, will you come with me?

4 ……you don't want to go out tonight, we can stay at home.

5Do you mind ……I close the window?

6 John is still at school. ……he leaves school, he wants to go to university.

7 Shall we have a picnic tomorrow ……the weather is good?

8 We're going to Madrid next week. We haven't got anywhere to stay — we hope to find a hotel ……we arrive. I don't know what we'll do we don't find anywhere.

 

Exercise 5. Put in the verb in Present Simple or Future Simple.

 

 

1. I…… you when I get home from work.

2. I want to see Margaret before she…… out.

3. We are going on holiday tomorrow. I…… you all about it when we come back.

4. Brian looks very different now. When you…… him again, you won’t recognize him.

5. We must do something soon before it…… too late.

6. I don’t want to go without you. I’ll wait until you

ITEM 22.2. CONDITOINAL SECOND.

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences.

1 I don't know the answer. If I knew the answer, I'd tell you.

2 I have a car. I couldn't travel very much if I didn't have a car.

3 I don't want to go out. If I …… to go out, I'd go.

4 We haven't got a key. If we ……a key, we could get into the house.

5 I'm not hungry. I would have something to eat if I …… hungry.

6 Sue enjoys her work. She wouldn't do it if she …… it.

7 You can't drive. If you ……. drive, I would lend you my car.

8 He speaks too fast. I could understand him better if he ……. more slowly.

9 I have a lot to do today. If I ……. so much to do, we could go out.

 

Exercise 2. Put the verb in the correct form.

1. If he had the money, he would buy a fast car. (he/have)

2. Jane likes living in a city. She wouldn't be happy if she lived in the country. (she/not/be)

3. If I wanted to learn Italian, …… to Italy. (I/go)

4. I haven't told Ann what happened. She'd be angry if …… . (she/know)

5. If …… a map, I could show you where I live. (we/have)

6. What would you do if ……. a lot of money? (you/win)

7. It's not a very good hotel. …… there if I were you. (I/not/stay)

8. If ……. nearer London, we would go there more often. (we/live)

9. It's a pity you have to go now. ……. nice if you had more time. (it/be)

10. I'm not going to take the job. I'd take it if …… better. (the salary/be)

11. I don't know anything about cars. If the car broke down, ……

what to do. (I/not/know)
12. If you could change one thing in the world, what …… ? (you/change)

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences. Choose from the box and put the verb in the correct form.

we (have) a bigger house we (buy) a bigger house we (have) some pictures on the wall I (watch) it every day (be) the same the air (be) cleaner it (be) a bit cheaper I (be) bored

1I'd buy that jacket if it was a bit cheaper.

2 If there was a good film on TV tonight,

3 This room would be nicer if ……

4 If there wasn't so much traffic,……

5 Life would be boring if……

6 If I had nothing to do,……

7 We could invite our friends to stay if ……

8 If we had more money, ……

 

Exercise 4. Complete the sentences. Use your own ideas.

1 I'd go to the dentist if I had a toothache.

2 If I could go anywhere in the world, ……

3 I wouldn't be very happy if ……

4 I'd buy a house if……

5 If I saw an accident in the street, …….

6 The world would be a better place if ……

 





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