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Упр. 334. Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

MOTHER. Nick! Do you hear the alarm-clock?

Wake up!

NICK. Oh, I am so sleepy!

MOTHER. Well, that's what you always say. Now,

get out of bed quickly. NICK. Oh!

MOTHER. Be quick, or you will be late for school.

NICK. No fear. I have a lot of time.

MOTHER. You forget that you have to brush your

teeth and to wash your hands and face.

NICK. Mummy, I remember everything.

Упр. 335. Передайте следующий диалог в кос­венной речи.

PETER. Are you coming my way?

JOHN. Yes, I am. How are you getting along?

PETER. Jolly well. How did you find the last test in geometry?

JOHN. Rather difficult. I am not very good at

solving problems. PETER. Why didn't you ask me to help you? I'll

gladly do it.

JOHN. Oh, thanks a lot. I shall. Have you got a lot of home-work for tomorrow?

PETER. Yes. You know the time-table, Friday is always a bad day. We have six lessons to­morrow, and all the subjects are difficult. Besides, there will be questions from my little sister. She is not very good at sums.

JOHN. All right, then. I'll come to your place tomorrow evening, if you don't mind.

PETER. Let's make it tomorrow. I'll be waiting for you.

Упр. 336. Передайте следующий диалог в кос­венной речи.

SUSAN. Good morning, doctor.

DOCTOR. Good morning, Susan. What's the mat­ter with you?

SUSAN. I feel bad. I have a headache, and I am afraid I am running a temperature.

DOCTOR. Open your mouth and show me your throat. You have a bad cold, Susan. You must stay in bed for two days until your temperature is normal and you stop coughing.

SUSAN. How I hate being ill and staying in bed!

DOCTOR. But if you are not careful, you may fall ill with the flu or pneumonia. I'll pre­scribe some medicine.

SUSAN. Thank you, doctor. Good-bye..

Упр. 337. Передайте следующий диалог в кос­венной речи.

JANE. May I come in?

KATE. Is that you, Jane? Come in! It is very

good of you to come and see me. JANE. I came before, but you were too ill to see

anybody. Did you get the flowers? KATE. Surely, I did. It was very nice of you to

send them to me. JANE. How are you now? KATE. Oh, I am much better, thank you. The

doctor says that I shall be allowed to go

out in a few days. JANE. Do you miss school? KATE. Very much. I am afraid I'll be lagging

behind the group in my lessons now. JANE. Don't think about it. We shall help you. KATE. Thank you very much.

ynp. 338. Передайте следующий диалог в кос­венной речи.

MICHAEL. I say, Bill, can you show me around a bit? I only came here two days ago and I haven't been anywhere as yet.

BILL. Of course, I shall do it with pleasure. Let's go at once. And let's invite Al­ice to come with us. She knows a lot about the places of interest here.

MICHAEL. That's a good idea.

BILL. Alice, can you come with us? We are going for a walk, and I want to show Michael some places of interest.

ALICE. No, I can't go with you, boys. I am sorry. Mother told me to buy some bread, and I forgot about it. I shall have to do it now. Go without me. I shall go with you some other time.

BILL. It's a pity. All right, Michael, let's go.


Запомните случаи, в которых инфинитив упот­ребляется без частицы "to":

после модальных глаголов;

после глаголов to let и to make;

в сложном дополнении после глаголов


(to see, to hear, to feel, etc.); после выражений: I would rather....

You had better...

Упр. 339. Вставьте частицу "to" перед инфи­нитивом, где необходимо.

1. I like... play the guitar. 2. My brother can... speak French. 3. We had... put on our overcoats because it was cold. 4. They wanted... cross the river. 5. It is high time for you... go to bed. 6. May I... use your telephone? 7. They heard the girl... cry out with joy. 8. I would rather... stay at home today. 9. He did not want... play in the yard any more. 10. Would you like... go to England? 11. You look tired. You had better... go home.

12. I wanted... speak to Nick, but could not... find his telephone number. 13. It is time... get up. 14. Let me... help you with your homework. 15. I was planning... do a lot of things yesterday. 16. I'd like... speak to you. 17. I think I shall be able... solve this problem. 18. What makes you... think you are right? 19. I shall do all I can... help you. 20. I like... dance. 21. I'd like... dance. 22. She made me... repeat my words several times. 23. I saw him... enter the room. 24. She did not let her mother... go away. 25. Do you like... listen to good music? 26. Would you like... listen to good music? 27. That funny scene made me... laugh.

Упр. 340. Замените части пред­ложений инфинитивными оборотами.

E.g. The boy had many toys which he could play with. The boy had many toys to play with.

1. I have no books which I can read. 2. Is there anybody who will help you with your spelling? 3. Don't forget that she has a baby which she must take care of. 4. Have you got nothing that you want to say on this subject? 5. There was nothing that he could do except go home. 6. I have only a few minutes in which I can explain these words to you. 7. I have an examination which I must take soon, so I can't go to the theatre with you. 8. King Lear decided to have a hundred knights who would serve him after he had divided up his kingdom. 9. Here is something which will warm you up. 10. Here is a new brush which you will clean your teeth with. 11. Here are some more facts which will prove that your theory is correct. 12. Here is something which you can rub on your hands. It will soften them. 13. Here are some screws with which you can fasten the shelves to the wall. 14. Here are some tablets which will relieve your headache. 15. Here are some articles which must be translated for tomorrow. 16. Who has a pen or a pencil to spare? I need something I could write with. 17.1 have brought you a book which you can read now, but be sure and return it by Saturday. 18. Soon we found that there was another compli­cated problem that we were to consider. 19. The girl was quite young when both her parents died and she remained alone with two younger brothers whom she had to take care of.

Упр. 341. Замените придаточные предложе­ния инфинитивными оборотами.

E.g. He is so old that he cannot skate. He is too old to skate.

1. The problem is so difficult that it is impossi­ble to solve it. 2. The box is so heavy that nobody can carry it. 3. The baby is so little that it cannot walk. 4. He is so weak that he cannot lift this weight. 5. She is so busy that she cannot talk with you. 6. She was so inattentive that she did not notice the mistake. 7. The rule was so difficult that they did not understand it. 8. He was so stu­pid that he did not see the joke. 9. She has got so fat that she cannot wear this dress now. 10. The accident was so terrible that I don't want to talk about it. 11. They were so empty-headed that they could not learn a single thing. 12. The window was so dirty that they could not see through it. 13. She was so foolish that she could not understand my explanation. 14. I have very little wool: it won't make a sweater.

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочета­ния с инфинитивом:

to cut a long story short — короче говоря to tell (you) the truth — сказать (вам) по


to say nothing of — не говоря уже о to put it mildly — мягко выражаясь to say the least of it — по меньшей мере to begin with — начнем с того что

Запомните следующие предложения:

The book leaves much to be desired. — Книга оставляет желать лучшего.

Не is difficult to deal with. — С ним трудно иметь дело.

Не is hard to please. — Ему трудно угодить.

She is pleasant to look at. — На нее приятно смотреть.

Упр.342. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя застывшие словосочетания с инфи­нитивом.

1. Мягко выражаясь, она была невежлива. 2. Ваша работа оставляет желать лучшего. 3. Ска­зать по правде, я не люблю бокс. 4. Вашей сест­ре трудно угодить. 5. Начнем с того, что я занят, б. На него было приятно смотреть. 7. Короче го­воря, он не сдал экзамен. 8. Мы все были рады, не говоря уже о маме: она сказала, что это са­мый счастливый день в ее жизни. 9. Твое сочи­нение оставляет желать лучшего. 10. Это очень странно, по меньшей мере. 11. Для начала, она открыла все окна. 12. С моим соседом трудно иметь дело. 13. По правде говоря, я очень устал. 14. Его поведение оставляет желать лучшего. 15. Мягко выражаясь, вы меня удивили. 16. На этих детей приятно посмотреть. 17. Короче гово­ря, они поженились. 18. Самая известная книга Джерома — "Трое в лодке, не считая собаки." 19. Вам трудно угодить. 20. По меньшей мере, мы были удивлелы.

Обратите внимание на отсутствие союза «что­бы» перед инфинитивом в роли обстоятельства цели:

То get this book, you must go the library.

Чтобы получить эту

книгу, вы должны to пойти в библиотеку.

Запомните следующие   предложения:  
I have nothing to read.   Мне нечего читать.  
She has nobody to speak with.   Ей не с кем поговорить.  
What is to be done? Who is to blame?   Что делать? Кто виноват?  
I am not to blame.   Я не виноват.  
To see is to believe.   Видеть значит верить.  
He was the first (last) to come.   Он пришел первым (последним).  
It is out of the ques­tion to go there.   Не молсет быть и речи о том, чтобы идти туда.  

Упр. 343. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя застывшие словосочетания с инфи­нитивом.

1. Чтобы получить хорошую оценку, вы дол­жны упорно поработать. 2. С ней трудно иметь дело. 3. Что делать? 4. Начнем с того, что он болен. 5. Чтобы читать Диккенса в оригинале, вы должны хорошо знать язык. 6. Мягко выра­жаясь, он не прав. 7. Она была не виновата. 8. Ребенку не с кем играть. 9. Видеть значит ве­рить. 10. Чтобы успеть на этот поезд, вы долж­ны поторопиться. 11. Не может быть и речи о покупке машины в этом году. 12. Книга остав­ляет желать лучшего. 13. Сказать по правде, мне это не нравится. 14. Им было нечего есть. 15. Кто виноват? 16. Короче говоря, он не сде­лал урок. 17. В нашей семье мама всегда встает первая. 18. На нее приятно смотреть. 19. Чтобы перевести эту статью, вы должны воспользоваться словарем. 20. Мне некуда ехать летом. 21.0 том, чтобы купаться в этой реке, не могло быть и речи.

22. Ему было не с кем обсудить эту проблему. 23. Вчера Катя пришла в школу последней.

Сравните употребление

Active Infinitive и Passive Infinitive

to write — to be written

I am glad to help you —

рад помочь (рад, что я помогаю) I am glad to be helped -

рад, что мне помогают

Упр. 344. Переведите на русский язык, обра­щая внимание на Active Infinitive и Passive Infinitive.

1. Nature has many secrets to be discovered yet. 2. To improve your phonetics you should record yourself and analyse your speech. 3. This is the book to be read during the summer holidays. 4. To be instructed by such a good specialist was a great advantage. 5. To play chess was his greatest pleas­ure. 6. The child did not like to be washed. 7. Isn't it natural that we like to be praised and don't like to be scolded? 8. Which is more pleasant: to give or to be given presents? He is very forgetful, but he doesn't like to be reminded of his duties.

Сравните употребление

Indefinite Infinitive и Perfect Infinitive

to write — to have written

I am glad to see you —

рад видеть вас (раду что вижу) I am glad to have seen you —

рад, что повидал

Упр. 345. Переведите на русский язык, обра­щая внимание на Perfect Infinitive.

1. I am awfully glad to have met you. 2. Sorry to have placed you in this disagreeable situation. 3. I am very happy to have had the pleasure of making your acquaintance. 4. I am sorry to have kept you waiting. 5. Clyde was awfully glad to have renewed his acquaintance with Sondra, 6. Sorry not to have noticed you. 7.1 am sorry to have added some more trouble by what I have told you. 8. When Clyde looked at the girl closely, he remembered to have seen her in Sondra's company. 9. I remembered to have been moved1 by the scene I witnessed. 10. The child was happy to have been brought home. 11. Jane remembered to have been told a lot about Mr. Rochester. 12. The children were delighted to have been brought to the circus. 13. I am sorry to have spoilt your mood. 14. Maggie was very sorry to have forgotten to feed the rabbits.

Формы инфинитива  
    Active   Passive  
Indefinite (Simple)   to write   to be written  
Conti­nuous   to be writing   X  
Perfect   to have written   to have been written  
Perfect Continuous   to have been writing   x  

1 movedзд. растроган

Упр. 346. Замените выделенные части пред­ложений инфинитивными оборотами.

E.g. He is sorry that he has said it. He is sorry to have said it.

1. She was sorry that she had missed the begin­ning of the concert. 2. I am glad that I see all my friends here. 3. I was afraid of going past that place alone. 4. My sister will be thrilled when she is wearing a dress as lovely as that. 5. We must wait till we hear the examination results. 6. She is happy that she has found such a nice place to live in. 7. I should be delighted if I could join you. 8. He hopes that he will know everything by to­morrow. 9. It is certain that it will rain if you don't take your umbrella. 10. Don't promise that you will do it, if you are not sure that you can.

11. He was happy that he was praised by every­body. 12. He was very proud that he had helped his elder brother.

Упр. 347. Раскройте скобки, употребляя тре­бующуюся форму инфинитива.

1. Не seems (to read) a lot. 2. Не seems (to read) now. 3. He seems (to read) since morning. 4. He seems (to read) all the books in the library. 5. I want (to take) you to the concert. 6.1 want (to take) to the concert by my father. 7. She hoped (to help) her Mends. 6. She hoped (to help) by her friends. 9. I hope (to see) you soon. 10. We expect (to be) back in two days. 11. He expected (to help) by the teacher. 12. The children seem (to play) since morning. 13. I am glad (to do) all the homework yesterday. 14. She seems (to work) at this problem ever since she came here. 15 I am sorry (to break) your pen.

Упр. 348. Раскройте скобки, употребляя тре­бующуюся форму инфинитива.

1. I hate (to bother) you, but the students are still waiting (to give) books for their work. 2. He seized every opportunity (to appear) in public: he was so anxious (to talk) about. 3. Is there anything else (to tell) her? I believe she deserves (to know) the state of her sick brother. 4. He began writing books not because he wanted (to earn) a living. He wanted (to read) and not (to forget). 5. I consider myself lucky (to be) to that famous exhibition and (to see) so many wonderful paintings. 6. He seems (to know) French very well: he is said (to spend) his youth in Paris. 7. The enemy army was reported (to overthrow) the defence lines and (to advance) to­wards the suburbs of the city. 8. The woman pre­tended (to read) and (not to hear) the bell. 9. You seem (to look) for trouble. 10. It seemed (to snow) heavily since early morning: the ground was cov­ered with a deep layer of snow. 11. They seemed (to quarrel): I could hear angry voices from behind the door. 12. Perhaps it would upset her (to tell) the truth of the matter. 13. They are supposed (to work) at the problem for the last two months. 14. The only sound (to hear) was the snoring of grandfather in the bedroom. 15. Her ring was believed (to lose) until she happened (to find) it during the general cleaning. It turned out (to drop) between the sofa and the wall. 16. They seemed (to wait) for ages.


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