Exercise 1. Read and translate the text.
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In the United States, education is offered from kindergarten to graduate school by both public and private institutions. Elementary and secondary education involves 12 years of schooling, the successful completion of which leads to a high school diploma. Education is free and compulsory in all states from the age of 6 till 16 (or 18).
There are three types of schools in the USA: public, private and home schools. Most children go to public schools. These schools are run by the government. The families who want their children to study in the private schools must pay tuition. Some families choose not to send their children to school at all. They educate them at home. Parents hire teachers for their own children and they believe that this way of studying is the best one because children study at home.
At 6 children begin the first year of elementary school, which is called grade 1. Grades from 1 to 5 make up elementary school. Middle school consists of grades from 6 to 8. High school has last grades from 9 to 12th years of studying.
The American high school offers a wide variety of courses. In the same school a student can specializes in economics, in chemistry and physics, Latin and humanities, or in automobile mechanics. During the four-year high school program the student studies 4 or 5 major subjects per year. In addition the students usually have classes in physical education, music and art. The first two years (9-th and 10-th grades) are a continuation of secondary education. Then (11-th and 12-th grades) a student begins an intensive study of his special field.
When children have completed the 12th grade they receive a high school diploma. At this point students may end their formal education or go to the colleges. At college the student will eventually specialize in one area of study such as Mathematics, Science, History, Literature, Theology, Computer or a Foreign Language. At the end of four years of studying he or she will earn a Bachelor degree. The student who wants to continue his (her) education after college may work to earn a Master's or doctoral degree. A student may also choose to enter a professional school to prepare to be a doctor, teacher or a lawyer.
public school – государственная, бесплатная школа
educate— давать образование, воспитывать ребенка
elementary school— начальная школа
middle — средний
high school— средняя школа (в Америке)
complete— заканчивать, завершать, проходить
Science— естественные науки
Theology— теология, богословие
Bachelor degree— степень бакалавра
Master's degree— степень магистра
doctoral degree— докторская степень
lawyer— юрист, адвокат
Exercise 2. Answer the questions:
1. What types of schools in the USA do you know?
2. Who pays for children’s education in public schools?
6. Who teaches children at home schools?
7. What stages of studying in private and public schools do you know?
8. What age do children start studying at private and public schools at?
9. Where can students go after a high school?
10. Where can student go after a college?
Exercise 3. Form nouns with the suffix –tion from the following words. Translate them into Russian:
To accommodate – accommodation,to educate - , institute - , to complete - , academic - , tutor - , to prepare - , to admit - .
Exercise 4. Use “is” or “are” in the following sentences. Translate them into Russian:
Exercise 5. Here are some answers. Write in your questions.
1).How many years___________________________________?
2). How many types of schools ________________________?
3). At what age______________________________________?
4). In what grade____________________________________?
In the 9-th.
A wide variety of courses.
6). What ___________________________________________?
A high school diploma
Exercise 6. Insert prepositions where it’s necessary:
1). In the United States education is offered … kindergarten … graduate school … both public and private institutions. 2). Education is free and compulsory … all states … the age … 6 … 16 (or 18). 3). Most children go … public schools.4). These schools are run … the government. 5). Parents hire teachers … their own children and they believe that this way … studying is the best one because children study … home. 6). Middle school consists … grades … 6 … 8. 7)… the four-year high school program the student studies 4 or 5 major subjects … year. 8). A student may also choose to enter … a professional school to prepare to be a doctor, teacher or a lawyer.
Exercise 7. Complete the following sentences:
Exercise 8. Tell about the system of education in the USA. (You can use Table 1)
Table 1 US SCHOOL SYSTEM
core course — основной курс
a thesis, a dissertation — диссертация
electives — факультативные дисциплины
a residency — аспирантура
a degree — научная степень
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