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Ex. 17. Correct the mistakes (if any) in these sentences.

1. The radio said that there were more than ten thousands people taking part in the meeting. 2. She bought two dozens eggs. 3. My birthday is on the twenty-one of March. 4. His telephone number is four six seven, five nought, nine two. 5. There are two hundred fifteen pages in this book. 6. Write down the following: zero point six hundred and twelve plus six point nought two. 7. This is twenty-five per cents of the total. 8. The game ended with the score three nought. 9. The temperature is two degrees below oh. 10. He was born in nineteen eighty-first.


Ex. 18. Translate into English. Write the numbers in full.


1. Он заплатил за это ожерелье (necklace) пятнад­цать с половиной тысяч долларов. 2. Подождите пол­часа, пожалуйста. Документы скоро будут готовы. 3. Нам нужно спешить. Самолет улетает через полто­ра часа. 4. Сколько безработных (unemployed) в этом городе?— На сегодняшний день 2338 человек. 5. Джейн купила три дюжины яиц. 6. Он родился 3 октября 1979 года. 7. На митинге присутствовало три тысячи студентов. 8. Тысячи студентов заканчивают колледжи Оксфорда и Кембриджа ежегодно. 9. Мил­лионы звезд ярко мерцали (sparkle) на черном южном небе. 10. Если тебе нужно вызвать пожарную команду (fire brigade), звони 01. 11. Его состояние (fortune) со­ставляет три миллиона долларов. 12. Одна четверть равна 25-ти процентам. 13. Этот замок (castle) был по­строен во времена Генриха V. 14. Один дюйм (inch) равен двум с половиной сантиметрам. 15. Эти дома были построены в девяностые годы девятнадцатого века.


Nouns from verbs

The typical suffixes forming nouns from verbs

-age -al -ance -ation -ence -er -ion pass — passage arrive — arrival appear — appearance admire — admiration differ — difference lead — leader confuse — confusion -or -ment -sion -tion -ure -y -ее detect — detector improve — improvement divide — division invent — invention fail — failure recover — recovery employ — employee


The nouns in the list below do not follow the above patterns:

advise — advice choose — choice

behave — behaviour complain — complaint

believe —belief (beliefs) die —death

fly —flight practise — practice

grow —growth prove —proof (proofs)

hate — hatred serve — service

know — knowledge speak — speech

live — life (lives) think — thought

lose — loss weigh — weight


Ex. 1. Go over the list of nouns derived from verbs and group them according to the suffixes used.

admit — admission improve — improvement

advertise — advertisement inhabit — inhabitant

announce — announcement insist — insistence

apologize — apology interrupt — interruption

apply — application introduce — introduction

appoint — appointment invade — invasion

approve — approval invent — invention

arrange — arrangement marry — marriage

attend — attendance mix — mixture

attract — attraction operate — operation.

celebrate — celebration pass —passage

combine — combination perform — performance

confess — confession permit — permission

continue — continuation possess — possession

depart — departure prefer — preference

describe — description prepare — preparation

develop — development produce — production

dictate — dictation propose — proposal

disappoint — disappointment protect — protection

discover — discovery punish — punishment

divide — division qualify — qualification

educate — education receive — reception

elect — election recognize — recognition

employ — employment refer — reference

enter — entrance refuse — refusal

entertain — entertainment repeat — repetition

excite — excitement revise — revision

exist — existence satisfy — satisfaction

explain — explanation solve — solution

hesitate — hesitation suggest — suggestion

imagine — imagination translate — translation

imitate — imitation treat — treatment

impress — impression


Ex. 2. Complete the sentences using nouns formed from the verbs in brackets.

1. The... of America was made in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. (discover) 2. I can't tell the... between butter and margarine. (differ) 3. Susie takes after her father in.... (appear) 4. The staff at this hotel is excellent. They give very good.... (serve) 5. The... to the park is through the gate over there. (enter) 6. The American... of this word is different from the British. (use) 7. We'll have to stay at this hotel. There's no.... (choose) 8. You need more... if you want to speak good English. (practise) 9. The police said they were awaiting further.... (develop) 10. He can't get over the... of so much money. (lose) 11.She accepted his... for his rude behaviour at dinner. (apologize) 12.There is a... at the bottom of the letter, but I can't make it out. (sign) 13. I made an... to see the dentist tomorrow (appoint) 14.The film didn't come up to our... at all. (expect) 15. It will be very helpful if you continue your …. (investigate)


Nouns from Adjectives


The typical suffixes forming nouns from adjectives

-ance -cy -ence -(i)ness important — importance vacant — vacancy silent — silence lazy — laziness kind — kindness -itу -ty -y popular — popularity necessary — necessity difficult — difficulty  


The nouns in the list below do not follow the above patterns:

deep — depth long — length young — youth

free — freedom poor — poverty warm — warmth

high — height proud — pride wide — width

hot — heat strong — strength wise — wisdom


Ex. 1. Go over the list of nouns derived from adjectives and group them according to the suffixes used.

absent — absence perfect — perfection

beautiful — beauty popular — popularity

certain — certainty possible — possibility

confident — confidence present — presence

convenient — convenience quiet — quietness

cruel — cruelty real — reality

curious — curiosity sad — sadness

dark — darkness safe — safety

elegant — elegance shy — shyness

equal — equality sick — sickness

fluent — fluency similar — similarity

foolish — foolishness stupid — stupidity

frequent — frequency tidy — tidiness

generous — generosity tired — tiredness

happy — happiness ugly — ugliness

ill — illness violent — violence

independent — independence weak — weakness

patient — patience wicked — wickedness

Ex. 2. Complete the sentences using nouns formed front the adjectives in brackets.

1.... is one of the world's great problems. (poor) 2. I think it shows... of character to admit you are wrong. (strong) 3. Summer came and the... became quite oppressive. (hot) 4. I was told that you have a... for a computer operator. (vacant) 5. The... of the road is not great enough to take large trucks. (wide) 6.... is the mother of invention. (necessary) 7.... on the screen is one of the most topical issues. (violent) 8. If you want to find a good job you should gain more.... (confident) 9.The... of the water in this lake is more than twelve metres. (deep) 10. He is famous for his.... He gives large sums of money to charity. (generous) 11. I am sure that his... was caused by overwork. (ill) 12. After staying in England for a couple of months he spoke English with greater.... (fluent) 13. Please have a little.... We'll have to wait for another hour. (patient) 14. The... of this bus service is about one every ten minutes. (frequent)/



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